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Medieval Studies Faculty Curates Exhibit on Italian Renaissance Man


Marcello Simonetta, assistant professor of medieval studies, romance languages and literatures, is the curator of a recent exhibit “Federico da Montefeltro and His Library,” in New York through September. Pictured in Simonetta’s hand, and below, are portraits of the Italian Duke da Montefeltro.
Posted 07/11/ 07
In 1475, the fully-armored Italian Duke of Urbino posed for a self-portrait in the ductal library with his son at his side. This famous oil painting, pictured at right, containing a 500-year-old mystery, is the centerpiece of a current exhibit, curated by Marcello Simonetta, assistant professor of medieval studies, romance languages and literatures.

Titled, “Federico da Montefeltro and His Library,” the show is on display through Sept. 30 at the Morgan Library & Museum in New York, N.Y. Simonetta has studied Duke da Montefeltro since writing his Ph.D. dissertation at Yale.

“I have always been fascinated by this great patron of the arts, who was also a successful mercenary captain,” Simonetta explains. “The combination of refined taste and ruthless politics is what makes him a sort of archetype of the Italian ‘Renaissance man’.”

In 1444 at the age of 22, Da Montefeltro, the illegitimate son of the count of Urbino, was able to inherit his father’s title. He made his reputation as a condottiere, or hired commander, and invested a lot of his money in building a fairy-tale palazzo in Urbino. Its “crowning glory” was the richest manuscript library of the Renaissance. His books highlight his intellectual curiosity on theology, geography, poetry, history and astrology. He became duke of Urbino in 1474, and died in 1482.

The show includes an imposing eagle-shaped lectern from the Museo Diocesano Albani in Urbino; a group of illuminated manuscripts from the Vatican Library; one horoscope from Yale University; and one of the duke’s printed books from Bryn Mawr.

But it is the painting, perhaps by Justus van Ghent or Pedro Berruguete (scholars cannot agree on the source), that stands out in the exhibit. For more than 500-years, historians have questioned what manuscript the duke is holding in the portrait. Simonetta recently solved the mystery, saying it is Pope Gregory the Great’s interpretation of Moralia in Job. This text contained more than a half million words explaining the Book of Job.

“It is a very influential theological work, and it fits perfectly the Duke’s self-fashioning mania as a man of action who also poses as a champion of the humanities,” Simonetta says.

The revealing clues for Simonetta were the features of the original binding and the size of the manuscript. Because bindings were unique to each book in those days, Simonetta was able to do some academic detective work to confirm his suspicions.

In addition to curating the exhibit, Simonetta is the co-author of the exhibit’s 195-page hardcover catalog. The catalogue is lavishly illustrated, containing some of the best images from the Montefeltro Library. There are essays and entries from other scholars, namely Delio Proverbio, who discovered that half of Federico’s Hebrew manuscripts were looted in 1472 from the private library of a Jewish merchant, and Martin Davies, who proved that Federico owned at least 50 printed books.

In 2005, Simonetta proposed the exhibit idea to Morgan Library Director Charlie Pierce. Once approved, Simonetta sought funds through the Foundation for Italian Art and Culture. He managed to borrow all the pieces needed for the exhibit.

Simonetta, a native of Rome, began teaching at Wesleyan in 2001. He will direct the Eastern College Consortium (for Wesleyan, Vassar College and Wellesley College) from Bologna, Italy in 2007-08.

Simonetta’s next book, The Montefeltro Conspiracy. A Renaissance Mystery Decoded, will be published by Doubleday in 2008. It narrates the thrilling story of the attempted killing of Lorenzo the Magnificent and, in a series of twists, it ends up in the Sistine Chapel, revealing some hittherto unknown “coded” meanings of Botticelli’s and Michelangelo’s frescoes.

The Morgan Library is located at 225 Madison Avenue in New York. The exhibition will take place in the Morgan’s new Clare Eddy Thaw Gallery, a perfect Renaissance cube designed by Renzo Piano. The walls will be covered with digital reproductions of the ducal studiolo, with its inlaid wood panels and portraits of popes, philosophers and poets. For more information go to: http://www.morganlibrary.org/exhibitions/federico.asp.
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor. Photo by Bill Burkhart, university photographer.

“Mac” Expert on Call for Wesleyan Computer Problems


Todd Houle, Macintosh Specialist for Information Technology Services, says e-mail-related questions are the ones he gets asked most frequently.
 
Posted 07/11/07
Q: Todd, when did you come to Wesleyan?

A: I came to Wesleyan in the summer of 1997 as the Macintosh Specialist for the Information Technology Service’s Desktop Support Team. While different responsibilities have come and gone, I’ve always been in our Desktop Support group. I also manage a couple of Mac servers such as our license server and file servers for a few departments.

Q: Each academic and administrative department is assigned a Desktop Support Specialist. What departments do you oversee?

A: I am responsible for Athletics, Office of Public Affairs, Wesleyan University Press and Classics as well as the Macintosh computers in other areas, such as English, Philosophy, the Office of the President and the College of Letters.

Q: When someone has a problem with a computer, what is the process to get the problem resolved?

A: It certainly depends on the problem, but the basic process is starting to resolve it from general to specific. Is it hardware or software? Is it a problem with the program or operating system? Using different methods, I can narrow down the cause until I can identify it and replicate it – then figure out how to resolve it.

Q: What are the most common problems Wesleyan employees have with their computers?

A: Many of the questions people have are about e-mail. I don’t believe it’s because e-mail programs are a problem, but because that is one thing everyone is doing every day – in many different ways. Home access is another popular question these days. People want to check email and work from home.

Q: And what are some of the oddball cases?

A: Oddball cases are almost always about rare programs or programs being used in non-standard ways. I recently had a question about why Eudora wouldn’t e-mail a giant video file to another user. Other times Microsoft Word randomly removes all toolbars. But having been doing this work for 15 years, there are not too many questions I haven’t come across before.

Q: Are you mostly in, or out of the office on calls?

A: In the past couple of years, I’ve been able to do more remote support thanks to the software included with Mac OS X. Working only over the phone is almost always too difficult. However, with remote control software, the user and I can both see the screen at the same time.

Q: How did you acquire your computer knowledge? And what interests you about these machines?

A: I began working in this field because it was a natural move for me. I’ve been fortunate enough to have computers around my whole life and understanding how they work was easy for me. As I went through college, people frequently turned to me for help with whatever problem they were working on. I started working officially in computer support during my sophomore year in college. Over the years, I’ve worked hard to expand my knowledge by reading and trying new things so that I could remain a resource for other people.

Q: Where did you go to college and what was your major?

A: I went to the University of Connecticut, majoring in philosophy.

Q: How does philosophy relate to computer technology?

A: Philosophy is more closely related to computers than people think – in one class we wrote simple programs as we discussed symbolic logic. Both computers and philosophy require logical, analytical thinking.

Q: Who else is a member of the Desktop Support Team, and you interact with each other often?

A: The Desktop Support staff is made up of myself, Phil Dean, Harriett Epstein, John Hammond, Sean Gomez, Shawn Hill and Ben Jackson. As the issues we tackle are very similar, we work very closely to share knowledge about problems we’ve researched.

Q: In 2006, you taught a Continuing Studies course on film editing using Apple’s iMovie. Do you enjoy teaching too?

A: I really enjoy teaching classes and hope to do it often in the future. While the iMovie class was my first time with the CRST program, I’ve taught iMovie and others many times within the ITS Training program. I’ve also been able to present at many conferences, such as NERCOMP – the NorthEast Regional Computing Program, so that I could teach my peers about different tools and techniques I’ve found.

Q: You are considered a “Mac” expert. How did you acquire PC knowledge? How many people at Wesleyan use one or the other? Is it half and half?

A: Anyone working in computers will at some point work on a Windows PC. As many of the things computers do are similar, the procedure for repairing them is similar. Different departments are dependent more on one platform or the other – the sciences and humanities use more Macs, while the economics and government departments tend to use more Windows computers. Administrative departments use almost all Windows computers, as the move to PeopleSoft a few years ago required it. Now that PeopleSoft is Web-based, we are beginning to see more Macintosh computers in administrative computing. Overall, faculty are about 50/50 split. Administrative computing is about 90 percent Windows and 10 percent Mac- with the number for Macs quickly growing.

Q: Aside from computers, what are your hobbies?

A: I have a great family at home who I love to spend time with. My kids are very involved in sports and music – my wife and I try to join them in those activities. My son is a great soccer player. Now he’s much better than me so I’m not much of a challenge for him but it’s still fun. I also coach my daughter’s soccer and softball teams and am involved in Boy Scouts with my son.
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor

Wesleyan Athletes Named NESCAC All-Academics


At left, cross country runners Owen Kiely ’06 and Ellen Davis ’07 were named NESCAC All-Academics. Kiley and Davis are among 64 athletes to receive the honor.
Posted 07/06/07
Sixty-four Wesleyan student-athletes from 28 sports were named 2005-06 New England Small College All-Academic (NESCAC) honorees.

To become an All-Academic, student-athletes must have met qualifying criteria, including holding at least junior status academically with one year’s residence on campus; being a starter or significant reserve on a varsity team; and maintaining a cumulative GPA of 3.35 or higher.
Founded in 1971, the NESCAC is a group of 11 highly selective liberal arts colleges and universities that share a similar philosophy for intercollegiate athletics. The conference was created out of a concern for the direction of intercollegiate athletic programs, and remains committed to keeping a proper perspective on the role of sport in higher education.
Wesleyan’s All-Academics include:

Alex Battaglino ’07, Men’s Cross Country, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Tom Bendon ’07, Men’s Lacrosse; Taylor Bentley ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Beth Bernstein ’06, Softball; Nate Boon ’06, Men’s Crew; Matt Burke ’07, Men’s Lacrosse; Pat Butsch ’06, Men’s Ice Hockey; Nate Byer ’06, Men’s Lacrosse; Ian Carbone ’06, Men’s Squash; Adam Chamberlain ’07, Men’s Swimming & Diving.

Also: Cara Chebuske ’06, Women’s Cross Country, Women’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Marri Coen ’07, Women’s Soccer; Natalie Cohen ’06, Women’s Soccer; Ellen Davis ’07, Women’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Liz Dee ’06, Field Hockey; Bob Diehl ’06, Men’s Lacrosse; Penny Essoyan ’07, Women’s Track & Field (indoor); Wes Fuhrman ’05, Men’s Cross Country and Track & Field (indoor); Molly Gaebe ’07, Softball ; Gaza Govati ’06, Men’s Soccer; Anda Greeney ’07, Men’s Cross Country Men’s Track & Field (outdoors).

Also: Ryan Hendrickson ’07, Men’s Ice Hockey; Caitlin Herlihy ’06, Women’s Soccer; Nick Holowka ’07, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Sarah Hopkins ’06, Women’s Soccer; Nate Huddell ’07, Men’s Cross Country, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Noah Isaacs ’06, Men’s Soccer; Eiza Jones ’07, Women’s Swimming & Diving; Ed Kenney ’07, Wrestling; Max Kates ’06, Men’s Tennis; Owen Kiely ’06, Men’s Cross Country, Men’s Track & Field (indoor); Megan Kretz ’07, Women’s Cross Country; Jesse Leavitt ’06, Baseball; Stephanie Lasby ’06, Women’s Swimming & Diving; Alex Loh ’06, Women’s Squash ; Kevin Lohela ’06, Men’s Soccer; David Lucier ’07, Football; Katherine Manchester ’07, Women’s Squash.

Also: Dan Mays ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Sarah Milburn ’07, Women’s Basketball; Rob Mitchell ’06, Men’s Swimming & Diving; Tory Molnar ’07, Women’s Volleyball; Becca Morrell ’06, Women’s Soccer; Amy Nebenhaus ’06, Women’s Crew; Lauren Ogden ’07, Women’s Soccer; Joe Pepe ’07, Football; Jack Rooney ’07, Men’s Tennis; Amy Rouse ’06, Field Hockey; Gabe Roxby ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoors); Deirdre Salsich ’07, Women’s Crew; Tori Santoro ’07, Women’s Tennis; Omair Sarwar ’06, Men’s Squash; Dave Scardella ’07, Men’s Ice Hockey; Jimmy Shepherd ’07, Men’s Basketball; Laura Siegle ’06, Women’s Lacrosse.

Also: Hannah Stubbs ’06, Women’s Basketball; Erin Smith ’06, Women’s Cross Country and Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Caitlin Thompson ’06, Field Hockey; Hal Tift ’06, Golf; Dave Tutor ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Seth Warren ’05, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Eric Wdowiak ’06, Baseball; Rob Weinstock ’06, Football; Dana Wollman ’06, Women’s Crew.

Nitrogen Pollution May Be Affecting Long Island Sound’s Food Chain


Ellen Thomas, research professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences,  gathered evidence that Long Island Sound has been impacted by human activities.
Posted 07/11/ 07
A Wesleyan researcher has discovered that nitrogen pollution may have altered the food chain in Long Island Sound. This can threaten habitats that support large commercial and recreational fisheries.

Ellen Thomas, research professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, has, together with Wesleyan undergraduate students, gathered evidence that Long Island Sound has been impacted by human activities, including effluents from wastewater treatment plants, waste disposal and urban and agricultural runoff. These effluents have given the Sound an overdose of nitrogen, causing a shift in the populations of microscopic algae which form the base of the food chain.

“This fundamental shift in the Sound’s menu of who eats what is likely to cause many familiar species’ populations to decrease,” she says.

Some of the results of her research were described in the May 2007 edition of Soundkeeper, a newsletter published by local residents who advocate the patrolling, investigating, intervening and raising public awareness of Long Island Sound and its watershed.

For 10,000 years, For 10,000 years, the single-celled organisms known as Elphidium excavatum fed off the Sound’s microscopic algae, or diatoms. Most crustaceans and fish, either directly or indirectly, thrived on diatoms, which are at the base of the Sound’s food chain. Many shellfish sieve diatoms from the waters, and the abundant small crustaceans called copepods thrive on diatoms. Without a large and healthy diatom population, the whole food chain suffers.

In order for diatoms to thrive, they need an environment of nitrogen and silica, which they use to form their delicate skeletons. However, human-generated sources of nitrogen have thrown the nitrogen-silica ratio out of balance.

“Humans add a lot of nitrogen to the Sound from polluted runoff and effluent from sewage treatment plants, but they do not add silica, so that ratio of nitrogen to silica becomes unfit for diatoms. As a result, other microscopic algae are out-competing diatoms for at least part of the growing season,” Thomas explains.

The decrease in E. excavatum has also led to a rise in the species Ammonia beccarii , which is not a good food source for many organisms, including the copepods and most shellfish. It is a good food source for jellyfish, however, and Thomas fears these animals could begin to dominate the western Long Island Sound waterway, where the A. beccarii population is exploding.

“The decreasing population of E. excavatum signifies a fundamental shift in the Sound’s food chain,” Thomas says. “Small diatom-feeding organisms form the base of a food chain that begins with diatoms and ends with animals we like to eat like lobster, scallops, and many fish.”

Thomas has researched foraminifera in Long Island Sound for more than 10 years, in cooperation with her husband Johan Varekamp, Harold T. Stearns Professor of Earth Science and chair of the Earth and Environmental Sciences. Many graduate and undergraduate Wesleyan students have participated in this research, some as Mellon and Hughes fellows. The research has been funded by Connecticut Sea Grant and the Long Island Sound Office of the Environmental Protection Agency.

The Soundkeeper article is online at:
http://www.soundkeeper.org/update_detail.asp?ContentID=299

More information on Long Island Sound studies by Ellen Thomas and Johan Varekamp is online at: http://ethomas.web.wesleyan.edu/lisweb
 

By Terry Backer and Julia Hyman, Soundkeeper contributors, and Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor

Service Club Lends Helping Hands to Peruvian Community


Seven students, including Zoe Holder ’08 (top, center) and Consuelo Gonzales ’08 (center), traveled to Chuso, Peru this summer to volunteer at a local elementary school.
Posted 07/11/ 07
Zoe Holder ’08 returned from a Peruvian trip this summer with knowledge of a new culture, and well-callused hands from jabbing rocky ground with a pick-ax.

She and six other Wesleyan students volunteered to go to Chuso, Peru June 1-17 to help the small village with a community identified need. They are members of Wesleyan Without Borders, a group dedicated to doing volunteer work in developing countries, and keeping the Wesleyan community informed about work they do.

Their mission in Peru was to help construct a baño – or bathroom – for Chuso’s local elementary school. Under direction of a group construction leader and madres y padres de la comunidad – or mothers and fathers of the community – the students laboriously dug trenches, mixed mud and cement, hauled adobe bricks, axed through compacted soils and chopped down trees. The temperature averaged 90 degrees during the day.

“I’m not going to say that it wasn’t hard work,” Holder says. “It was completely overwhelming sometimes, but we kept up our enthusiasm and did whatever we could do to help. The locals were wonderful people and very appreciative of us being there.”

Wesleyan Without Borders teamed up with Pro World Peru, a service corps focused on developing relationships with communities. The students lived at the organization’s headquarters in Urubamba or “the land of plentiful mud and worms” and bussed into Chuso, a village located 10,000 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountains, for their service work.

The small school already had one bathroom, however it was unisex and overused. By pick-axing and shoveling through the dense earth, the students were able to excavate a 4-foot wide by 8-foot deep trench to place a septic system. Uphill from the trench, the students helped build an adobe structure, although they had to take a few lessons from the locals.

“It was so amazing to see how the Peruvians worked,” Holder says. “Building with adobe is so foreign to us, and it seems here in the modernized western world, we’re losing our manual labor skills. For Peruvians this comes so natural to them. It’s in their instinct.”

Holder was accompanied by Deanne Dworski-Riggs ’07, Felicia Appenteng ‘07, Consuelo Gonzales ’08, Kayla Bennett ‘10, Ashley Castro ‘10 and Kimberly Greenberg ’07. Greenberg is co-founder of Wesleyan Without Borders.

Dworski-Riggs, Appenteng and Gonzales had knowledge of the Spanish language and were able speak to the villagers in Spanish. They also helped translate for the others.

In addition to building the bathroom, Wesleyan Without Borders taught local children about proper health and hygiene using songs, plays and colorings. They spoke to the children’s parents about parasites and anemia, and suggested ways parents could protect their children’s health.

And for fun, the Wesleyan students played soccer with the children and introduced them to digital photography.

“We witnessed people living in poverty, but we also saw people living and laughing,” Holder explains. “In Chuso, it’s just a different existence and way of living from ours here in the U.S.”

During the last workday, the Peruvian women shared their own special recipe with the Wesleyan students by preparing a traditional guinea pig dish called cuy.

Greenberg says she will never forget the experience.

“The cultural exchange throughout our two-week stay was genuine and remarkable,” Greenberg says. “The kids loved to have their photos taken and watch us work as we dug our ditches; all of us eagerly waited for the soccer matches and rematches and our Peruvian leaders taught us customs and slang while we taught them about our hometowns in the U.S.”

Last year, a group of nine Wesleyan Without Borders members, including Greenberg, pictured at left, made their first development trip with ProWorld Mexico, where they helped construct clean-burning stoves in the village of Teotitlan in Oaxaca, Mexico. Next year, the group is hoping to tackle projects in Belize or Africa.

Holder, says the experience has opened her eyes to new parts of the world. Already fluent in French, Holder says there are pockets of Africa she could potentially work, but since the Peruvian experience, she’s exploring job options in Central and South American countries.

“I want to live life in a global sense by seeing and knowing everyone,” Holder says. “I want to become a citizen of the world. Peru was just one more step towards this, and I cannot wait to participate in next year’s experience.”

In the fall, Wesleyan Without Borders will present a slideshow on their service in Peru.

Wesleyan Without Borders was supported by several Wesleyan academic departments, Broad Street Books and several Middletown businesses. The group Wesleyan Without Borders is already fund-raising for next year’s trip. To make a donation or to acquire more information, e-mail Zoe Holder at zholder@wesleyan.edu.
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor. Photos contributed by Zoe Holder.

Textbook Coordinator Chris Summers Dies


Posted 07/11/ 07
Chris Summers, textbook coordinator at Broad Street Books, passed away unexpectedly on Friday, July 6. He was a resident of Middletown.

Chris joined the team at Broad Street Books in January 2006. He was an enormous asset to our store. He was extremely diligent and detail-oriented, and he thrived on the ability to help both students and faculty with their needs. For his co-workers at the store, this is a tremendous blow personally. Everyone who interacted with Chris was aware of his quick wit, intelligence and humanity.

Chris is survived by his mother, Helen Morris Summers, three brothers, a sister, and several nieces and nephews. Funeral services will be at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday at the Biega Funeral Home, 3 Silver Street, Middletown. The family will greet relatives and friends at the Biega Funeral home on Wednesday from 6 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.

The Wesleyan Connection: Campus Snapshot

BIO BLITZING: Scientific specialists teamed up with area students and teachers for BioBlitz 2007, held in Middletown June 8-9. The idea was get a snapshot of the biodiversity of a specific area in a 24-hour period. Wesleyan was a major sponsor of the event.

BioBlitz participant Brian Stewart, associate professor of physics, collects beetles during the BioBlitz. He and Michael Oliver, co-author of The Ground Beetles of Connecticut, found several beetles in the bark of a downed tree.
Wilbert Snow School in Middletown served as the BioBlitz laboratory, where species were identified and recorded.
Crabs, snakes, toads and turtles were all discovered during BioBlitz. This year, participants collected or sighted 2,231 species including 27 reptiles and amphibians, 93 birds, 20 fish, 237 beetles, 408 moths, 25 mammals and 468 vascular plants.
Barry Chernoff, Robert Schumann Professor of Environmental Sciences, professor of biology, works with students in the laboratory. Chernoff helped identify and catalogue aquatic fish and invertebrates.
BioBlitz coordinator David Wagner, associate professor of ecology and evolutionary biology from the University of Connecticut, leads BioBlitz participants in a night bio hunt. The Middletown BioBlitz is one of only two Connecticut events since 1999 to find more than 2,000 species. (Photos by Richard Marinelli)

For more information on the event go to: http://www.wesleyan.edu/newsletter/campus/2007/0607bioblitz.html .

Chemistry Lab Has New Environmental Perspective


Andrea Roberts, visiting instructor of chemistry, has introduced “green” techniques into her organic chemistry laboratory sections. Students use fewer chemicals, producing less waste.
Posted 06/20/07
At first glance, Wesleyan’s Organic Chemistry Laboratory doesn’t appear much different to the naked eye. But a closer look shows that virtually everything in the lab has changed.

“We’re going green,” says Andrea Roberts, visiting instructor of chemistry and Ph.D candidate. “We’re promoting sustainability and teaching the leaders of tomorrow better ways to do chemistry.”

Roberts started teaching the organic chemistry lab in Spring 2004, using a routine syllabus. The class had nine weeks of typical organic reaction labs and one, three-week final project.

“The Chemistry Department had been teaching the same organic chemistry curriculum for years,” Roberts says. “Some of the organic reactions students were doing were the same ones I did as an undergraduate. Although they were tried and true, they were becoming outdated. Very few industries nowadays are performing chemical reactions the way we were teaching them, and our experiments were producing a tremendous amount of chemical waste.”

In Spring 2007, Roberts made changes to the curriculum that allowed her to teach the same material using “greener” methods. This meant minimizing materials – chemicals, solvents and testing equipment; reusing or recycling materials in the lab; replacing harmful mineral acids and organic solvents with less toxic oxidants like peroxide and alcohols as solvents ultimately minimizing waste.

She began with the lab titled Introduction to Chromatography. For this task, students needed to separate a mixture of two compounds, fluorene and fluorenone.

Students previously used a gravity-based technique called column chromatography to separate and purify the chemical compounds. This slow method required .5 grams of fluorene and fluorenone to pass through a tube, or column, of 10 grams of silica gel. About 200mL of hexane was used to separate the compounds.

Roberts replaced this old-fashioned method with flash chromatography, a rapid method that pumps solvent through a cartridge, leading to quicker separations with less chemical waste. She replaced the fluorene and fluorenone with drops of water-soluble food coloring and used only .75 grams of silica, which later is recycled. Only 10mL of isopropyl alcohol is used, rather than hexane.

Roberts is able to recycle used silica gel in-house. As a result, no solid waste is generated in this experiment and only 10mL of alcohol is output as liquid waste.

Experiments with organic chemistry, a branch of chemistry that focuses on the properties and reactions of carbon-containing compounds, have the potential to be bad for the environment, explains Bill Nelligan, associate director of Environmental Health and Safety. By going green, Nelligan estimates the lab has reduced its solid and liquid waste by 50 percent each.

According to EPA guidelines, waste must be documented and discarded properly. These chemicals are sent to EPA-permitted Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities for disposal or to be used as fuel in energy conversion plants.

“Wesleyan owns all chemicals, from the time they are brought into the university, to the time they are used, and from the time they are recycled or end up in a hazardous waste facility or landfill,” Nelligan explains. “Chemicals are a cradle to grave responsibility.”

Roberts began the quest to go green in Summer 2006 when she met with Margaret Kerr, who received her inorganic chemistry Ph.D. from Wesleyan in 1998. Kerr is currently an assistant professor of inorganic chemistry at Worchester State College and an expert on green chemistry.

Kerr directed Roberts to the online database, Greener Education Materials for Chemists. This site features an interactive collection of chemistry education materials focused on green chemistry.

“I was able to find the same lessons using green chemistry and plug them into our curriculum,” Roberts says.

Organic Chemistry Laboratory is a required course for anyone majoring in chemistry or pre-medical, dental and veterinary studies. The updated, environmentally-friendly course, CHEM 258, has increased student enrollment 25 percent over the last few years. Roberts teaches six sections comprising no more than 20 students each.

By going “green,” Wesleyan is taking part in the U.S Environmental Protection Agency’s Green Chemistry Program. Green Chemistry Program has built hundreds of collaborations with academia, industry, government agencies, scientific societies, trade organizations, national laboratories and research centers to promote the use of chemistry for pollution prevention through completely voluntary, non-regulatory partnerships.

Next fall, Roberts will co-teach the laboratory-based Integrated Chemistry course Chem 375 with Albert Fry, professor of chemistry. Roberts plans to introduce green chemistry concepts to the lab.

“If we just focus on being one university going green, in one state, in one country, we are doing our part,” Roberts says. “Wouldn’t it be wonderful if every university in every state did their part? Imagine the impact.”
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor

Teter Named Radcliffe Fellow to Study Premodern Poland


Posted 06/20/07
Magdalena Teter, assistant professor of history, will study religious groups of premodern Poland as a Radcliffe Institute Fellow in 2007-08.

Teter was one of 32 women and 19 men selected by the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. Teter will work individually and across disciplines on projects chosen for both quality and long-term impact.

Her project is titled “An Anatomy of Religious Violence: Jews and Christians in Premodern Poland.” She will research the close social interaction between Jews and Christians; the role of lay and religious instigators in exploiting religious sentiments; position of the accused Jews in the community; local economic dynamics; and, the role of gender.

“I am very thankful for this opportunity to spend a year at Radcliffe both working on my project and interacting with and learning from other fellows” Teter says. “I hope that next year I will be able to make major progress on my second book.”

Teter was selected from a pool of more than 775 applicants, made up of distinguished and emerging scholars and artists from the United States and other countries. Teter will be working among scientists, humanists, social scientists. and creative artists.

“In my years as dean, I have been privileged to watch the fellows interact with one another and with faculty members in various departments,” says Drew G. Faust, dean of the Radcliffe Institute and president-elect of Harvard. “I will continue to watch and admire their path-breaking work and interdisciplinary approaches.”

Now in its seventh year, the Radcliffe Institute Fellowship Program is a highly competitive program that has provided yearlong residencies to more than 350 award-winning writers, artists, scientists and other scholars. Examples of past fellows are acclaimed installation artist Shimon Attie, Pulitzer Prize–winning author Geraldine Brooks, and anthropologist Nancy Scheper-Hughes, a leading commentator on the global traffic in human organs.

For a full list of fellows, go to: http://www.radcliffe.edu/fellowships/.
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor

Molecular, Life Sciences Building Site Proposed


Bob Shaeffner of Payette Architects explains a proposal for Wesleyan’s new Molecular and Life Sciences building during an open house and design review June 12.
At left, Ben Winslow, a biology Ph.D candidate, listens to Robert Schmidt, project manager, explain a proposed design plan for the Molecular and Life Sciences building.
 
Posted 06/20/07
Physical Plant-Facilities held an open house and design review for Wesleyan’s new Molecular and Life Sciences building June 12.

The open house allowed Wesleyan staff and faculty, and members of the local community to comment on the proposed plans.

The goal of the building is to create a stronger sense of community among students and faculty in different areas of science by increased opportunities for informal interaction. Wesleyan is taking into account ways to use space more efficiently, improve administrative and science support services and to address mechanical, corrosion, and safety problems in the science buildings.

Bob Shaeffner of Payette Architects highlighted four proposals of where the new facility should be placed. In all plans, four Wesleyan-owned homes would be razed and replaced.

More than 60 Wesleyan staff, faculty, students and Middletown residents attended the meeting. Participants were welcome to ask questions and share their ideas.

For more information on the proposed Molecular and Life Sciences building project go to: http://www.wesleyan.edu/masterplan/lifesciences.html.
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor

Assistant Plans Environment-Related Events, Writes Grants, Markets Wesleyan Program


Valerie Marinelli, administrative assistant for the Environmental Studies Certificate Program, recently helped plan and coordinate the local BioBlitz science event in Middletown.
 
Posted 06/20/07
Q: Valerie, when did you come to Wesleyan and what brought you here?

A: I started as a temporary employee in August 2006 in the Environmental Studies Certificate Program. In late October 2006, I became the department’s full time administrative assistant.
Q: Broadly, what is the Environmental Studies Certificate Program, and who is able to receive this certificate?

A: The Environmental Studies Certificate Program, known as ESCP, is an interdisciplinary certificate program for undergraduate students that includes but is not restricted to natural science, public policy, philosophy and economics. This program is similar to a ‘minor’ at some other institutions and implies that one chooses a major and then takes a set of additional courses in areas concerned with environmental studies. A certificate is given upon graduation and completion of the assigned courses. During the 2006-07 academic year, we had 15 seniors complete the ESCP, our largest number yet.
Q: Who else works in this program?

A: Currently, this department consists of Barry Chernoff, Robert Schumann Professor of Environmental Studies and director of the Environmental Studies Certificate Program, and myself. Together, we are working to expand this department. This summer, we have four interns that are funded by the Robert Schumann Grant and four Hughes/Mellon interns. We will have two other interns in the fall.

Q: The ESCP and Wesleyan was one of the sponsors of BioBlitz 2007. What was this event?

A: For the 180-plus scientists involved, this was basically an exciting event where they gathered together for a 24-hour period on June 8 and 9 to comb the area of Middletown in search of particular species. It may have been fish, butterflies, spiders, bats, moths, spiders, plant pathogens, beetles, fungus, bacteria, or others species. For the junior scientists and teachers, this was a fantastic opportunity to be exposed to hands on science. They had the chance to work side by side and learn with these scientists over the 24 hours. For the general public, this was an opportunity to view what scientists uncovered right in their backyard. The amazing discovery was that there were 2,231 different species found right here in Middletown.

Q: What was your role in planning the event?

A: In October 2006, I was asked to represent Wesleyan on the Bioblitz Steering Committee and report back to some of the key participants within the university. Mainly, the committee would meet once a month to organize all the logistics that would lead up to this 24 hour event. I started as a member and before long, I was one of the principal organizers and coordinated all the logistics for this year’s event. My key roles were coordinating the Friday Night Dinner for the sponsors, scientists, campers and volunteers; working on the press releases to the media and community; assisting with the banners and posters; keeping a handle on the overall budget, which was a major feat in itself; soliciting sponsors and donations; working with the exhibitor committee; organizing the photographer and Wesleyan University video crew, and many of the behind the scene logistics and last minute happenings. I must say though, I enjoyed every minute of it and hope someday to get involved in the next Bioblitz, where ever and whenever that happens!

Q: What are your principal duties in the ESCP?

A: The ESCP is funded by the Robert Schumann Grant. My main responsibilities are to manage the department and its events. I coordinate and manage all the details for major campus events, such as lectures, symposiums, the Earth Day Keynote Address, just to name a few. I design and print posters for these events. I work closely with the press and other universities/colleges in the Connecticut, Massachusetts and New York area by informing them through press releases and e-mails about upcoming ESCP events. I assist student groups with planning and organizing all details for themed events for the program. I work in promoting the ESCP program in order to increase awareness to the Wesleyan University students. I act as a liaison to administration and other Academic Departments. I maintain our department’s budget and website. Currently, I am supervising several interns that are funded by our new Mellon Grant, as well as the students that are working at Long Lane Farms.

Q: What are other events you have helped plan? Are there any up and coming?

A: Over the last year, I had been instrumental in planning, the 2006 Pumpkin Festival with the Long Lane Farm Students, Where On Earth are We Going III, which was our huge Environmental Symposium, various day and evening guest speakers, our Earth Day Keynote Address which was given by Connecticut General Richard Blumenthal and just recently, Bioblitz 2007. Right now, we are in the midst of planning the 2007 Pumpkin Festival and this year’s Environmental Symposium. We hope to have more lectures for both students and faculty over the 2007-08 academic year.

Q: What aspects of your job are the most challenging?

A: When planning an event, it is most challenging to understand what type of audience I will get. Should I plan for 50 or 200? I have had night lectures, where there were very few students and faculty in attendance, but at the same time, I have had daytime lectures, where the rooms were packed to capacity. What I hear is that students love the luncheon lectures and tend to squeeze those talks into their busy daytime schedules more often than the evening events.

Q: What is your educational and professional background?

A: I graduated in 1983 from the University of Hartford. My degree was in marketing and computer science. I’ve worked for Data General Corporation, Xerox, Apple Computer and just recently, The Bushnell. In 1990, I started my own typesetting business out of my home, in order to work and be with my children.

Q: And who are they?

A: Gregory, who is 16 years old and Ryan, who is 13 years old. My family means the world to me. My husband, Richard and I have been married for 21 years. We live a very active life. When we are together, we enjoy vacationing, going to Boston; especially seeing a Red Sox game, visiting my family in New Jersey, socializing with our friends, watching a good movie or going to a theater production. I usually like to spend my free time relaxing, shopping, helping my friend’s plan their Bar/Bat Mitzvah’s, watching a “chick flick”, volunteering, taking walks with my husband or just hanging out with family and friends.
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor

WesCard Coordinator Helps Students, Staff Gain Access to Buildings, Meal Plans


Cathy-Lee Rizza, WesCard coordinator, creates and programs all student, faculty, staff and special-occasion identification cards for the university.
 
Posted 06/20/07
“Smile for the camera.”

That’s a phrase Cathy-Lee Rizza may say a dozen times a day in Wesleyan’s WesCard Office. As WesCard coordinator, she creates Wesleyan’s faculty, staff and student ID cards and manages the information provided by ID holders.

“This card gives students access to their dorms, provides them with meals on campus, it also serves as a library and gym card. If the student is part of the Middletown Cash Program, they can purchase meals off campus at our downtown Middletown merchants, do laundry on campus, purchase chemistry supplies and it even lets them pay for transportation to Bradley International Airport or the New Haven Train Station,” Rizza says. “It’s a pretty important card and should be treated with care, just like a driver’s license or credit card.”

When a new student, staff or faculty requests a card, Rizza takes his or her photo, digitally places it into the proper template, inserts the person’s ID number and information, and adds in a meal plan, a Middletown Cash account and security access information as needed.

The photography part is her favorite.

“I enjoy taking people’s pictures, and trying to make them laugh for the photo,” she says. “Some people come in so tense because it’s their first day. I try to help them relax. I always like to tell them, ‘Welcome aboard!”

Everything is stored on – or inside– the card, Rizza explains.

WesCards are “smart ID cards.” The card contains a flexible printed circuit with a microprocessor and memory circuit. Among other data are embed security information which allows cardholders access to certain buildings, such as student residences or the Freeman Athletic Center.

Along with a photo and the holder’s name, the front of the card has a barcode, which contains information such as a student’s Wesleyan ID number and issue number. This is the same code used to check out material at Wesleyan’s libraries. The card’s backside has a magnetic strip that contains students’ campus meal plan information. It’s also separately encoded with information that allows users to create a cash pool for the Middletown Cash Program, for use at participating on-campus and off-campus merchants. Card holders can make deposits on their card with a credit card, check their balances or freeze their card if it is lost through a Web site Rizza helped initiate, https://onecard.wesleyan.edu. Rizza is the site’s co-webmaster and adds new information about the card frequently.

Rizza’s busiest time of the year occurs during the first two weeks of each semester when students need new cards, or need to change their meal plans. And for the next 13 weeks in comes “a never-ending stream of students who have lost their IDs,” she says.

“I’ve had some students who I would see standing in line for the fourth or fifth time and I would get the paper work started on them ahead of time, because I just knew what they were back for. But then last week I had a graduate student come in, and for all those years he kept the same card. I told him I was so proud of him,” Rizza says, smiling.

Replacement cards aren’t free, and when Rizza isn’t making cards, she’s busy billing student accounts. She also deposits funds into WesCard accounts and makes sure Middletown Cash transactions are correctly deposited using a program called Blackboard Commerce Suite.

As the system’s operation administrator, Rizza often answers questions, solves technical issues and troubleshoot problems related to the software or communication lines. She also serves as the contact person to the software and hardware companies.

“There’s a lot more going on in this office than just creating WesCards,” she says.

Rizza‘s ties to Wesleyan date back to 1979 when she worked as an office assistant for Wesleyan’s former food contracting service, Saga. In 1989, Wesleyan began their contract with Aramark. Rizza stayed with the food companies until 2004, she was offered the WesCard coordinator position, doing similar computing operations, where she seamlessly converted the previous meal plan system into the Blackboard Transaction System.

Rizza, a native of Cromwell, Conn. and 32-year resident of Middletown, is married to Joe Rizza. They have one son, Joe Jr., and one dog and two cats. Cathy-Lee Rizza enjoys gardening, cooking, cross word puzzles and managing her “lifestyle change.” Since August 2005, Rizza has dropped more than 100 pounds through Weight Watchers.
 

By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor