When parasites attack woolly bear caterpillars, such as this Grammia incorrupta, the insects eat leaves loaded with chemicals called alkaloids, which seems to cure the infection. The discovery, by Michael Singer, represents the first clear demonstration of self-medication among bugs.
Michael Singer, assistant professor of biology, is the author of “Self-Medication as Adaptive Plasticity: Increased Ingestion of Plant Toxins by Parasitized Caterpillars,” published in PLoS ONE, March 2009. PLoS ONE is an open access, online scientific journal from the Public Library of Science.
This new article rigorously demonstrates that caterpillars can self-medicate, following up on a previous publication in Nature in 2005. This is the first experimental demonstration of self-medication by an invertebrate animal.
This paper also represents the first publication to arise from research funded by a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant awarded to Singer in December 2007. Kevi Mace BA ’07 MA ’08 assisted with the research.
The research also was featured in an article titled “Woolly Bear, Heal Thyself,” published in Discover Magazine online, and in an article titled “Woolly Bear Caterpillars Self-Medicate — A Bug First,” published in National Geographic News. The caterpillars also were mentioned in the March 26, 2009 edition of nature-research-highlights-09.
Neuroscience of Birdsong.
John Kirn, chair and professor of neuroscience and behavior, professor of biology, director of Graduate Studies, is the co-author of a book chapter titled “Regulation and function of neuronal replacement in the avian song system.”
The chapter is published inside the book Neuroscience of Birdsong, released in 2009 by Cambridge University Press.
The book provides a comprehensive summary of birdsong neurobiology, and identifies the common brain mechanisms underlying this achievement in both birds and humans. Written primarily for advanced graduates and researchers, there is an introductory overview covering song learning, the parallels between language and birdsong and the relationship between the brains of birds and mammals; subsequent sections deal with producing, processing, learning and recognizing song, as well as with hormonal and genomic mechanisms.
The book was featured in Science Magazine in February 2009 in an article titled “Neuroscience: Singing in the Brain.”
Masami Imai, assistant professor of economics, assistant professor of East Asian studies, and Richard Grossman, chair and professor of economics, are co-authors of the article, “Japan’s Return to Gold: Turning Points in the Value of the Yen during the 1920s,” published in Explorations in Economic History, 2009.
Francisco Rodríguez, assistant professor of economics, assistant professor of Latin American studies, is the co-author of “Anarchy, State, and Dystopia: Venezuelan Economic Institutions before the Advent of Oil,” published in the Bulletin of Latin American Research 28(1), January 2009, pp. 102-21.
In addition, Rodríguez is the author of two book reviews in the December 2008 edition of the Journal of Economic Literature: “Free Trade Reimagined: The World Division of Labor and the Method of Economics by Roberto Mangabeira Unger,” and “A Year without ‘Made in China’: One Family’s True Life Adventure in the Global Economy by Sara Bongiorni.”
Gary Yohe, the Woodhouse/Sysco Professor of Economics, is the co-author of “Assessing dangerous climate change through an update of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ‘reasons for concern” published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2009.
Michael Lovell, the Chester D. Hubbard Professor of Economics and Social Sciences, emeritus, is the author of “Social Security’s Five OASI Inflation Indexing Problems,” published in
Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Vol. 3, 2009.
Dick Miller, the Woodhouse/Sysco Professor of Economics, emeritus, is the author of “The Weighted Cost of Capital is not Quite Right” and “The Weighted Cost of Capital is Not Quite Right: Reply to M Pierru,” published in the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 2009.
Masami Imai, assistant professor of economics, assistant professor of East Asian studies, is the author of “Political Influence and Declarations of Bank Insolvency in Japan,” published in the Journal of Money Credit, and Banking, 2009.
Book by Joyce Lowrie.
Joyce Lowrie, professor of romance languages and literatures, emerita, is the author of Sightings: Mirrors in Texts – Texts in Mirrors, published by Rodopi in December 2008.
This book analyzes mirror imagery, scenes, and characters in French prose texts, in chronological order, from the 17th to the 20th centuries. It does so in light of literal, metaphoric and rhetorical structures. Works analyzed in the traditional French canon, written by such writers as Laclos, Lafayette, and Balzac, are extended by studies of texts composed by Barbey d’Aurevilly, Georges Rodenbach, Jean Lorrain and Pieyre de Mandiargues.
This work offers appeal to readers interested in linguistics, French history, psychology, art, and material culture. It invites analyses of historical and ideological contexts, rhetorical strategies, symmetry and asymmetry.
Masami Imai, assistant professor of economics, assistant professor of East Asian studies.
Masami Imai, assistant professor of economics, East Asian studies, is the author of “Ideologies, vested interest groups, and postal saving privatization in Japan,” published in Public Choice August 2008.
The privatization of Japan’s postal saving system has been a politically charged issue since it first started being debated in the late 1980s, and yet it provides a useful setting in which political economy of economic policy-making can be investigated empirically. Analyzing the pre-election survey of the House of Representatives candidates in 2003 and also the voting patterns of Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) members on a set of postal privatization bills in 2005, this paper asks why some politicians fiercely opposed (or supported) privatization.
Read more →
Priscilla Meyer, professor of Russian language and literature, is the author of How the Russians Read the French: Lermontov, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, published in January 2009 by the University of Wisconsin Press.
In How the Russians Read the French, Meyer shows how Mikhail Lermontov, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Lev Tolstoy engaged with French literature and culture to define their own positions as Russian writers with specifically Russian aesthetics and moral values. Rejecting French sensationalism and what they perceived as a lack of spirituality among Westerners, these three writers created moral and philosophical works of art that answered French decadence and “desacralization” with countertexts drawn from Russian literature and the Gospels.
Meyer argues that each of these great Russian authors takes the French tradition as a thesis, proposes his own antithesis, and creates in his novel a genuinely Russian synthesis rather than an imitation of Western models.
Gloster Aaron, assistant professor of biology, assistant professor of neuroscience and behavior, is the co-author of “Statistical Significance of Precisely Repeated Intracellular Synaptic Patterns,” published in PLoS ONE 3(12): e3983, Dec. 19, 2008.