|Posted 08/07/ 07|
| Last year, Suzanne OConnell, associate professor of earth and environmental sciences, attended a meeting with scientists from around the world. Out of the 40 participants, she was the only female.
This was 2006, not 1973, and with an organization that had had a pretty good track record for involving women, she recalls. Its amazing to me that I was the only woman.
It is this type of disparity that inspired OConnell, pictured at left, to undertake an initiative designed to retain more women in the geosciences. With support from a recent National Science Foundation award, OConnell co-created Geoscience Academics in the Northeast (GAIN), a program specifically for women geoscientists located in the Northeast.
From July 29 to Aug. 3, 18 women from Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New York, New Jersey and even Illinois, gathered for the first GAIN writing retreat near Boston, which offered camaraderie and a focused environment for writing. The women were offered professional writing guidance from Anne Greene, director of writing programs at Wesleyan. They also shared feedback and left with a paper or grant proposal ready for submission.
Our goal is to help women from all academic levels take part in a community that stresses professional development in the geosciences, OConnell explains. Through GAIN, we hope to increase the retention of women in geosciences programs here in New England, and eventually spread throughout the country.
GAIN, online at www.wesleyan.edu/gain is a result of the project Building a Community of Women Geoscience Leaders, a project developed by OConnell and Mary Anne Holmes, research associate professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The entire project is funded by the NSFs three-year ADVANCE Partnerships for Adaptation, Implementation and Dissemination award of $488,367.
According to the National Science Foundation, women continue to be significantly underrepresented in almost all science and engineering fields, constituting only approximately 25 percent of the science and engineering workforce at large, and less than 21 percent of science and engineering faculty in four-year colleges and universities. Women from minority groups underrepresented in science and engineering constitute only about 2 percent of science and engineering faculty in four-year colleges and universities.
OConnell says recruitment of women in the sciences, and retention of women in the sciences are the two largest problems causing the low female numbers. Stereotypes, such as women are not good in math are still common, even in this day of age, she says. She mentions Lawrence Summers, who served as president of Harvard University from 2001-06, who caused uproar with women academics when he said innate differences between men and women might be one reason fewer women succeed in science and math careers.
Girls, even at a young age, are still feeling that they dont belong in the sciences, and they carry these ideas, these prejudices, with them from middle school into high school and then into college, OConnell explains. Its a very hard thing to overcome, so we are not able to recruit as many women into the sciences.
This is called the leaky pipe syndrome, where fewer and fewer women are sticking with an educational path in the sciences.
The women who do become scientists face biological challenges. After receiving a bachelors, then masters and Ph.D and moving into an academic position, they are pressured into being awarded tenure, a period of six or seven years that can be the hardest years of your life, OConnell says.
So by the time a woman receives tenure she is in her mid-thirties. OConnell says. Professionally this might be an excellent time to start having a family, but not biologically.
OConnell and Holmes, both members of the Association for Women Geoscientists, will implement additional writing retreats and professional development workshops to provide women necessary skills to reach their full potential as academic and scientific leaders. These workshops will address strategies to increase department diversity, while providing a productive environment for all faculty.
OConnell speaks more about problems recruiting women to the sciences in this National Public Broadcasting production at: http://stream.publicbroadcasting.net/production/mp3/wnpr/local-wnpr-604847.mp3
|By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor|
Campus News & Events
by Olivia Drake •
|Posted 07/11/ 07|
| All-American track and cross country runner Ellen Davis graduated in May, but more honors just caught up to her.
Davis, pictured in the lead at right, was honored by the College Sports Information Directors Association of America (CoSIDA) in June as she was named a CoSIDA/ESPN the Magazine third-team Academic All-American after gaining first-team District I laurels in cross-country/track.
The 10 first-team picks from each of the eight districts (80 total athletes voted upon by all the Sports Information Directors (SIDs) in their respective district) appeared on the national ballot with three squads of 15 named Academic All-Americans after review by a national committee of SIDs. Cross Country/Track is one of seven distinct athletic areas that has an Academic All-America team chosen. Football, mens and womens soccer, volleyball, mens and womens basketball, baseball, softball and mens and womens at-large are the other six areas.
An individual must have a GPA in excess of 3.20 to qualify for an Academic All-America award as well as be tremendously accomplished in a sport. Davis was just that with her long list of major athletic accolades.
Davis’ running career includes a 2007 NCAA Division III title in the indoor 5k event, a ninth-place showing among 279 runners for 2006 All-America laurels in cross country, and a New England Open title in the outdoor 10k with a trip to the NCAAs in the spring of 2007.
She was a three-time indoor track All-American capped by her first-place finish in 2007 and a two-time cross-country All-American while also competing in the NCAA outdoor track championships twice during her career. She had the fastest time in the country in the 5k outdoors this spring but chose not to compete in the event at the NCAA Championships May 26 in order to attend her graduation at Wesleyan May 27, where she received her degree in womens studies.
Davis placed 10th in the 10k outdoors at Nationals. She set three indoor track team records in 2006-07 with best-ever times in the 3k, one-mile and 5k, and two outdoor marks with standards in the 5k and 10k this spring.
She leaves Wesleyan as the university’s second Academic All-American in the last two years.
Davis is spending her summer in North Carolina while looking for a position that will prepare her for a career in archival science and art history.
Ideally Id like something for a year or two, like an internship in a museum library, before going back for a masters degree in archival science and art history, Davis says.
As for her future running career, Davis has no specific long-term plans.
Im not planning any marathons, she says, but after taking a little time off from running recently I think Ill start putting in the miles again just to stay in shape. But I expect the runner in me will come out and Ill start putting pressure on myself to perform. Im sure there will be a road race or two in my future.
|By Brian Katten, sports information director. Photo courtesy of Eliterunning.com.|
by Olivia Drake •
|Marcello Simonetta, assistant professor of medieval studies, romance languages and literatures, is the curator of a recent exhibit Federico da Montefeltro and His Library, in New York through September. Pictured in Simonetta’s hand, and below, are portraits of the Italian Duke da Montefeltro.|
|Posted 07/11/ 07|
| In 1475, the fully-armored Italian Duke of Urbino posed for a self-portrait in the ductal library with his son at his side. This famous oil painting, pictured at right, containing a 500-year-old mystery, is the centerpiece of a current exhibit, curated by Marcello Simonetta, assistant professor of medieval studies, romance languages and literatures.
Titled, Federico da Montefeltro and His Library, the show is on display through Sept. 30 at the Morgan Library & Museum in New York, N.Y. Simonetta has studied Duke da Montefeltro since writing his Ph.D. dissertation at Yale.
I have always been fascinated by this great patron of the arts, who was also a successful mercenary captain, Simonetta explains. The combination of refined taste and ruthless politics is what makes him a sort of archetype of the Italian Renaissance man.
In 1444 at the age of 22, Da Montefeltro, the illegitimate son of the count of Urbino, was able to inherit his fathers title. He made his reputation as a condottiere, or hired commander, and invested a lot of his money in building a fairy-tale palazzo in Urbino. Its crowning glory was the richest manuscript library of the Renaissance. His books highlight his intellectual curiosity on theology, geography, poetry, history and astrology. He became duke of Urbino in 1474, and died in 1482.
The show includes an imposing eagle-shaped lectern from the Museo Diocesano Albani in Urbino; a group of illuminated manuscripts from the Vatican Library; one horoscope from Yale University; and one of the dukes printed books from Bryn Mawr.
But it is the painting, perhaps by Justus van Ghent or Pedro Berruguete (scholars cannot agree on the source), that stands out in the exhibit. For more than 500-years, historians have questioned what manuscript the duke is holding in the portrait. Simonetta recently solved the mystery, saying it is Pope Gregory the Greats interpretation of Moralia in Job. This text contained more than a half million words explaining the Book of Job.
It is a very influential theological work, and it fits perfectly the Dukes self-fashioning mania as a man of action who also poses as a champion of the humanities, Simonetta says.
The revealing clues for Simonetta were the features of the original binding and the size of the manuscript. Because bindings were unique to each book in those days, Simonetta was able to do some academic detective work to confirm his suspicions.
In addition to curating the exhibit, Simonetta is the co-author of the exhibits 195-page hardcover catalog. The catalogue is lavishly illustrated, containing some of the best images from the Montefeltro Library. There are essays and entries from other scholars, namely Delio Proverbio, who discovered that half of Federicos Hebrew manuscripts were looted in 1472 from the private library of a Jewish merchant, and Martin Davies, who proved that Federico owned at least 50 printed books.
In 2005, Simonetta proposed the exhibit idea to Morgan Library Director Charlie Pierce. Once approved, Simonetta sought funds through the Foundation for Italian Art and Culture. He managed to borrow all the pieces needed for the exhibit.
Simonetta, a native of Rome, began teaching at Wesleyan in 2001. He will direct the Eastern College Consortium (for Wesleyan, Vassar College and Wellesley College) from Bologna, Italy in 2007-08.
Simonettas next book, The Montefeltro Conspiracy. A Renaissance Mystery Decoded, will be published by Doubleday in 2008. It narrates the thrilling story of the attempted killing of Lorenzo the Magnificent and, in a series of twists, it ends up in the Sistine Chapel, revealing some hittherto unknown coded meanings of Botticellis and Michelangelos frescoes.
The Morgan Library is located at 225 Madison Avenue in New York. The exhibition will take place in the Morgan’s new Clare Eddy Thaw Gallery, a perfect Renaissance cube designed by Renzo Piano. The walls will be covered with digital reproductions of the ducal studiolo, with its inlaid wood panels and portraits of popes, philosophers and poets. For more information go to: http://www.morganlibrary.org/exhibitions/federico.asp.
|By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor. Photo by Bill Burkhart, university photographer.|
by Olivia Drake •
|At left, cross country runners Owen Kiely ’06 and Ellen Davis ’07 were named NESCAC All-Academics. Kiley and Davis are among 64 athletes to receive the honor.|
| Sixty-four Wesleyan student-athletes from 28 sports were named 2005-06 New England Small College All-Academic (NESCAC) honorees.
To become an All-Academic, student-athletes must have met qualifying criteria, including holding at least junior status academically with one year’s residence on campus; being a starter or significant reserve on a varsity team; and maintaining a cumulative GPA of 3.35 or higher.
Alex Battaglino ’07, Men’s Cross Country, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Tom Bendon ’07, Men’s Lacrosse; Taylor Bentley ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Beth Bernstein ’06, Softball; Nate Boon ’06, Men’s Crew; Matt Burke ’07, Men’s Lacrosse; Pat Butsch ’06, Men’s Ice Hockey; Nate Byer ’06, Men’s Lacrosse; Ian Carbone ’06, Men’s Squash; Adam Chamberlain ’07, Men’s Swimming & Diving.
Also: Cara Chebuske ’06, Women’s Cross Country, Women’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Marri Coen ’07, Women’s Soccer; Natalie Cohen ’06, Women’s Soccer; Ellen Davis ’07, Women’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Liz Dee ’06, Field Hockey; Bob Diehl ’06, Men’s Lacrosse; Penny Essoyan ’07, Women’s Track & Field (indoor); Wes Fuhrman ’05, Men’s Cross Country and Track & Field (indoor); Molly Gaebe ’07, Softball ; Gaza Govati ’06, Men’s Soccer; Anda Greeney ’07, Men’s Cross Country Men’s Track & Field (outdoors).
Also: Ryan Hendrickson ’07, Men’s Ice Hockey; Caitlin Herlihy ’06, Women’s Soccer; Nick Holowka ’07, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Sarah Hopkins ’06, Women’s Soccer; Nate Huddell ’07, Men’s Cross Country, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Noah Isaacs ’06, Men’s Soccer; Eiza Jones ’07, Women’s Swimming & Diving; Ed Kenney ’07, Wrestling; Max Kates ’06, Men’s Tennis; Owen Kiely ’06, Men’s Cross Country, Men’s Track & Field (indoor); Megan Kretz ’07, Women’s Cross Country; Jesse Leavitt ’06, Baseball; Stephanie Lasby ’06, Women’s Swimming & Diving; Alex Loh ’06, Women’s Squash ; Kevin Lohela ’06, Men’s Soccer; David Lucier ’07, Football; Katherine Manchester ’07, Women’s Squash.
Also: Dan Mays ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Sarah Milburn ’07, Women’s Basketball; Rob Mitchell ’06, Men’s Swimming & Diving; Tory Molnar ’07, Women’s Volleyball; Becca Morrell ’06, Women’s Soccer; Amy Nebenhaus ’06, Women’s Crew; Lauren Ogden ’07, Women’s Soccer; Joe Pepe ’07, Football; Jack Rooney ’07, Men’s Tennis; Amy Rouse ’06, Field Hockey; Gabe Roxby ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoors); Deirdre Salsich ’07, Women’s Crew; Tori Santoro ’07, Women’s Tennis; Omair Sarwar ’06, Men’s Squash; Dave Scardella ’07, Men’s Ice Hockey; Jimmy Shepherd ’07, Men’s Basketball; Laura Siegle ’06, Women’s Lacrosse.
Also: Hannah Stubbs ’06, Women’s Basketball; Erin Smith ’06, Women’s Cross Country and Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Caitlin Thompson ’06, Field Hockey; Hal Tift ’06, Golf; Dave Tutor ’06, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Seth Warren ’05, Men’s Track & Field (indoor and outdoor); Eric Wdowiak ’06, Baseball; Rob Weinstock ’06, Football; Dana Wollman ’06, Women’s Crew.
by Olivia Drake •
|Ellen Thomas, research professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, gathered evidence that Long Island Sound has been impacted by human activities.|
|Posted 07/11/ 07|
| A Wesleyan researcher has discovered that nitrogen pollution may have altered the food chain in Long Island Sound. This can threaten habitats that support large commercial and recreational fisheries.
Ellen Thomas, research professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, has, together with Wesleyan undergraduate students, gathered evidence that Long Island Sound has been impacted by human activities, including effluents from wastewater treatment plants, waste disposal and urban and agricultural runoff. These effluents have given the Sound an overdose of nitrogen, causing a shift in the populations of microscopic algae which form the base of the food chain.
This fundamental shift in the Sounds menu of who eats what is likely to cause many familiar species populations to decrease, she says.
Some of the results of her research were described in the May 2007 edition of Soundkeeper, a newsletter published by local residents who advocate the patrolling, investigating, intervening and raising public awareness of Long Island Sound and its watershed.
For 10,000 years, For 10,000 years, the single-celled organisms known as Elphidium excavatum fed off the Sound’s microscopic algae, or diatoms. Most crustaceans and fish, either directly or indirectly, thrived on diatoms, which are at the base of the Sound’s food chain. Many shellfish sieve diatoms from the waters, and the abundant small crustaceans called copepods thrive on diatoms. Without a large and healthy diatom population, the whole food chain suffers.
In order for diatoms to thrive, they need an environment of nitrogen and silica, which they use to form their delicate skeletons. However, human-generated sources of nitrogen have thrown the nitrogen-silica ratio out of balance.
“Humans add a lot of nitrogen to the Sound from polluted runoff and effluent from sewage treatment plants, but they do not add silica, so that ratio of nitrogen to silica becomes unfit for diatoms. As a result, other microscopic algae are out-competing diatoms for at least part of the growing season,” Thomas explains.
The decrease in E. excavatum has also led to a rise in the species Ammonia beccarii , which is not a good food source for many organisms, including the copepods and most shellfish. It is a good food source for jellyfish, however, and Thomas fears these animals could begin to dominate the western Long Island Sound waterway, where the A. beccarii population is exploding.
The decreasing population of E. excavatum signifies a fundamental shift in the Sounds food chain, Thomas says. Small diatom-feeding organisms form the base of a food chain that begins with diatoms and ends with animals we like to eat like lobster, scallops, and many fish.
Thomas has researched foraminifera in Long Island Sound for more than 10 years, in cooperation with her husband Johan Varekamp, Harold T. Stearns Professor of Earth Science and chair of the Earth and Environmental Sciences. Many graduate and undergraduate Wesleyan students have participated in this research, some as Mellon and Hughes fellows. The research has been funded by Connecticut Sea Grant and the Long Island Sound Office of the Environmental Protection Agency.
The Soundkeeper article is online at:
More information on Long Island Sound studies by Ellen Thomas and Johan Varekamp is online at: http://ethomas.web.wesleyan.edu/lisweb
|By Terry Backer and Julia Hyman, Soundkeeper contributors, and Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor|
by Olivia Drake •
|Seven students, including Zoe Holder ’08 (top, center) and Consuelo Gonzales 08 (center), traveled to Chuso, Peru this summer to volunteer at a local elementary school.|
|Posted 07/11/ 07|
| Zoe Holder 08 returned from a Peruvian trip this summer with knowledge of a new culture, and well-callused hands from jabbing rocky ground with a pick-ax.
She and six other Wesleyan students volunteered to go to Chuso, Peru June 1-17 to help the small village with a community identified need. They are members of Wesleyan Without Borders, a group dedicated to doing volunteer work in developing countries, and keeping the Wesleyan community informed about work they do.
Their mission in Peru was to help construct a baño or bathroom – for Chusos local elementary school. Under direction of a group construction leader and madres y padres de la comunidad or mothers and fathers of the community the students laboriously dug trenches, mixed mud and cement, hauled adobe bricks, axed through compacted soils and chopped down trees. The temperature averaged 90 degrees during the day.
Im not going to say that it wasnt hard work, Holder says. It was completely overwhelming sometimes, but we kept up our enthusiasm and did whatever we could do to help. The locals were wonderful people and very appreciative of us being there.
Wesleyan Without Borders teamed up with Pro World Peru, a service corps focused on developing relationships with communities. The students lived at the organizations headquarters in Urubamba or the land of plentiful mud and worms and bussed into Chuso, a village located 10,000 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountains, for their service work.
The small school already had one bathroom, however it was unisex and overused. By pick-axing and shoveling through the dense earth, the students were able to excavate a 4-foot wide by 8-foot deep trench to place a septic system. Uphill from the trench, the students helped build an adobe structure, although they had to take a few lessons from the locals.
It was so amazing to see how the Peruvians worked, Holder says. Building with adobe is so foreign to us, and it seems here in the modernized western world, were losing our manual labor skills. For Peruvians this comes so natural to them. Its in their instinct.
Holder was accompanied by Deanne Dworski-Riggs 07, Felicia Appenteng 07, Consuelo Gonzales 08, Kayla Bennett 10, Ashley Castro 10 and Kimberly Greenberg 07. Greenberg is co-founder of Wesleyan Without Borders.
Dworski-Riggs, Appenteng and Gonzales had knowledge of the Spanish language and were able speak to the villagers in Spanish. They also helped translate for the others.
In addition to building the bathroom, Wesleyan Without Borders taught local children about proper health and hygiene using songs, plays and colorings. They spoke to the childrens parents about parasites and anemia, and suggested ways parents could protect their childrens health.
And for fun, the Wesleyan students played soccer with the children and introduced them to digital photography.
We witnessed people living in poverty, but we also saw people living and laughing, Holder explains. In Chuso, its just a different existence and way of living from ours here in the U.S.
During the last workday, the Peruvian women shared their own special recipe with the Wesleyan students by preparing a traditional guinea pig dish called cuy.
Greenberg says she will never forget the experience.
The cultural exchange throughout our two-week stay was genuine and remarkable, Greenberg says. The kids loved to have their photos taken and watch us work as we dug our ditches; all of us eagerly waited for the soccer matches and rematches and our Peruvian leaders taught us customs and slang while we taught them about our hometowns in the U.S.
Last year, a group of nine Wesleyan Without Borders members, including Greenberg, pictured at left, made their first development trip with ProWorld Mexico, where they helped construct clean-burning stoves in the village of Teotitlan in Oaxaca, Mexico. Next year, the group is hoping to tackle projects in Belize or Africa.
Holder, says the experience has opened her eyes to new parts of the world. Already fluent in French, Holder says there are pockets of Africa she could potentially work, but since the Peruvian experience, shes exploring job options in Central and South American countries.
I want to live life in a global sense by seeing and knowing everyone, Holder says. I want to become a citizen of the world. Peru was just one more step towards this, and I cannot wait to participate in next years experience.
In the fall, Wesleyan Without Borders will present a slideshow on their service in Peru.
Wesleyan Without Borders was supported by several Wesleyan academic departments, Broad Street Books and several Middletown businesses. The group Wesleyan Without Borders is already fund-raising for next years trip. To make a donation or to acquire more information, e-mail Zoe Holder at firstname.lastname@example.org.
|By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor. Photos contributed by Zoe Holder.|
by Olivia Drake •
|Posted 07/11/ 07|
| Chris Summers, textbook coordinator at Broad Street Books, passed away unexpectedly on Friday, July 6. He was a resident of Middletown.
Chris joined the team at Broad Street Books in January 2006. He was an enormous asset to our store. He was extremely diligent and detail-oriented, and he thrived on the ability to help both students and faculty with their needs. For his co-workers at the store, this is a tremendous blow personally. Everyone who interacted with Chris was aware of his quick wit, intelligence and humanity.
Chris is survived by his mother, Helen Morris Summers, three brothers, a sister, and several nieces and nephews. Funeral services will be at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday at the Biega Funeral Home, 3 Silver Street, Middletown. The family will greet relatives and friends at the Biega Funeral home on Wednesday from 6 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.
by Olivia Drake •
| Magdalena Teter, assistant professor of history, will study religious groups of premodern Poland as a Radcliffe Institute Fellow in 2007-08.
Teter was one of 32 women and 19 men selected by the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. Teter will work individually and across disciplines on projects chosen for both quality and long-term impact.Her project is titled An Anatomy of Religious Violence: Jews and Christians in Premodern Poland. She will research the close social interaction between Jews and Christians; the role of lay and religious instigators in exploiting religious sentiments; position of the accused Jews in the community; local economic dynamics; and, the role of gender.
“I am very thankful for this opportunity to spend a year at Radcliffe both working on my project and interacting with and learning from other fellows” Teter says. I hope that next year I will be able to make major progress on my second book.Teter was selected from a pool of more than 775 applicants, made up of distinguished and emerging scholars and artists from the United States and other countries. Teter will be working among scientists, humanists, social scientists. and creative artists.
In my years as dean, I have been privileged to watch the fellows interact with one another and with faculty members in various departments,” says Drew G. Faust, dean of the Radcliffe Institute and president-elect of Harvard. “I will continue to watch and admire their path-breaking work and interdisciplinary approaches.”
Now in its seventh year, the Radcliffe Institute Fellowship Program is a highly competitive program that has provided yearlong residencies to more than 350 award-winning writers, artists, scientists and other scholars. Examples of past fellows are acclaimed installation artist Shimon Attie, Pulitzer Prizewinning author Geraldine Brooks, and anthropologist Nancy Scheper-Hughes, a leading commentator on the global traffic in human organs.
For a full list of fellows, go to: http://www.radcliffe.edu/fellowships/.
|By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor|
by Olivia Drake •
|Bob Shaeffner of Payette Architects explains a proposal for Wesleyan’s new Molecular and Life Sciences building during an open house and design review June 12.|
| At left, Ben Winslow, a biology Ph.D candidate, listens to Robert Schmidt, project manager, explain a proposed design plan for the Molecular and Life Sciences building.
| Physical Plant-Facilities held an open house and design review for Wesleyan’s new Molecular and Life Sciences building June 12.
The open house allowed Wesleyan staff and faculty, and members of the local community to comment on the proposed plans.
The goal of the building is to create a stronger sense of community among students and faculty in different areas of science by increased opportunities for informal interaction. Wesleyan is taking into account ways to use space more efficiently, improve administrative and science support services and to address mechanical, corrosion, and safety problems in the science buildings.
Bob Shaeffner of Payette Architects highlighted four proposals of where the new facility should be placed. In all plans, four Wesleyan-owned homes would be razed and replaced.
More than 60 Wesleyan staff, faculty, students and Middletown residents attended the meeting. Participants were welcome to ask questions and share their ideas.
For more information on the proposed Molecular and Life Sciences building project go to: http://www.wesleyan.edu/masterplan/lifesciences.html.
|By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor|
by Olivia Drake •
|Andrea Roberts, visiting instructor of chemistry, has introduced “green” techniques into her organic chemistry laboratory sections. Students use fewer chemicals, producing less waste.|
| At first glance, Wesleyans Organic Chemistry Laboratory doesnt appear much different to the naked eye. But a closer look shows that virtually everything in the lab has changed.
Were going green, says Andrea Roberts, visiting instructor of chemistry and Ph.D candidate. Were promoting sustainability and teaching the leaders of tomorrow better ways to do chemistry.
Roberts started teaching the organic chemistry lab in Spring 2004, using a routine syllabus. The class had nine weeks of typical organic reaction labs and one, three-week final project.
The Chemistry Department had been teaching the same organic chemistry curriculum for years, Roberts says. Some of the organic reactions students were doing were the same ones I did as an undergraduate. Although they were tried and true, they were becoming outdated. Very few industries nowadays are performing chemical reactions the way we were teaching them, and our experiments were producing a tremendous amount of chemical waste.
In Spring 2007, Roberts made changes to the curriculum that allowed her to teach the same material using greener methods. This meant minimizing materials chemicals, solvents and testing equipment; reusing or recycling materials in the lab; replacing harmful mineral acids and organic solvents with less toxic oxidants like peroxide and alcohols as solvents ultimately minimizing waste.
She began with the lab titled Introduction to Chromatography. For this task, students needed to separate a mixture of two compounds, fluorene and fluorenone.
Students previously used a gravity-based technique called column chromatography to separate and purify the chemical compounds. This slow method required .5 grams of fluorene and fluorenone to pass through a tube, or column, of 10 grams of silica gel. About 200mL of hexane was used to separate the compounds.
Roberts replaced this old-fashioned method with flash chromatography, a rapid method that pumps solvent through a cartridge, leading to quicker separations with less chemical waste. She replaced the fluorene and fluorenone with drops of water-soluble food coloring and used only .75 grams of silica, which later is recycled. Only 10mL of isopropyl alcohol is used, rather than hexane.
Roberts is able to recycle used silica gel in-house. As a result, no solid waste is generated in this experiment and only 10mL of alcohol is output as liquid waste.
Experiments with organic chemistry, a branch of chemistry that focuses on the properties and reactions of carbon-containing compounds, have the potential to be bad for the environment, explains Bill Nelligan, associate director of Environmental Health and Safety. By going green, Nelligan estimates the lab has reduced its solid and liquid waste by 50 percent each.
According to EPA guidelines, waste must be documented and discarded properly. These chemicals are sent to EPA-permitted Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities for disposal or to be used as fuel in energy conversion plants.
Wesleyan owns all chemicals, from the time they are brought into the university, to the time they are used, and from the time they are recycled or end up in a hazardous waste facility or landfill, Nelligan explains. Chemicals are a cradle to grave responsibility.
Roberts began the quest to go green in Summer 2006 when she met with Margaret Kerr, who received her inorganic chemistry Ph.D. from Wesleyan in 1998. Kerr is currently an assistant professor of inorganic chemistry at Worchester State College and an expert on green chemistry.
Kerr directed Roberts to the online database, Greener Education Materials for Chemists. This site features an interactive collection of chemistry education materials focused on green chemistry.
I was able to find the same lessons using green chemistry and plug them into our curriculum, Roberts says.
Organic Chemistry Laboratory is a required course for anyone majoring in chemistry or pre-medical, dental and veterinary studies. The updated, environmentally-friendly course, CHEM 258, has increased student enrollment 25 percent over the last few years. Roberts teaches six sections comprising no more than 20 students each.
By going green, Wesleyan is taking part in the U.S Environmental Protection Agencys Green Chemistry Program. Green Chemistry Program has built hundreds of collaborations with academia, industry, government agencies, scientific societies, trade organizations, national laboratories and research centers to promote the use of chemistry for pollution prevention through completely voluntary, non-regulatory partnerships.
Next fall, Roberts will co-teach the laboratory-based Integrated Chemistry course Chem 375 with Albert Fry, professor of chemistry. Roberts plans to introduce green chemistry concepts to the lab.
If we just focus on being one university going green, in one state, in one country, we are doing our part, Roberts says. Wouldnt it be wonderful if every university in every state did their part? Imagine the impact.
|By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor|
by Olivia Drake •
|Richard Slotkin, the Olin Professor of American Studies and English, was one of three faculty members to receive the Binswanger Prize for Excellence in Teaching by President Doug Bennet during Commencement Ceremonies May 27.|
| Joyce Jacobsen, the Andrews Professor of Economics; Richard Slotkin, the Olin Professor of American Studies and English; and T. David Westmoreland, associate professor of chemistry were the 2007 recipients of the Binswanger Prize for Excellence in Teaching. They received the prize during the 2007 Commencement ceremony May 27.
The Binswanger Prize for Excellence in Teaching was inaugurated in 1993 as an institutional recognition of outstanding faculty members. One to three Binswanger Prizes for Excellence in Teaching are presented each year and are made possible by the generosity of the Binswanger family that counts numerous Wesleyan alumni, alumnae and parents in its ranks.
The standards and criteria for the annual prizes include excellence in teaching as exemplified by commitment to the classroom and student accomplishment, intellectual demands placed on students, lucidity, and passion.
Recipients are chosen by a selection committee of emeriti, current faculty members and appointed members of the Alumni Association’s Executive Committee. Recommendations are solicited from members of the last ten graduating classes, the current junior and senior classes, and current graduate students. Recommendations are based on any of the types of teaching that are done at the University including, but not limited to: teaching in lecture courses, seminars, laboratories, creative and performance-based courses, research tutorials and other individual and group tutorials at the undergraduate and graduate level.
Each recipient receives a citation and monetary prize made possible by the generosity of the Binswanger family. Previous recipients are excluded from consideration for seven years.
The credentials of this years honorees are extensive. Briefly:
Joyce Jacobsen joined the Wesleyan faculty in 1993. She received an A.B. in economics from Harvard University, a M.Sc. in economics from London School of Economics, and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University. Her main research interest is gender and racial/ethnic differences in employment and earnings patterns. Professor Jacobsen teaches courses on economics of gender, urban economics, econometrics, and microeconomic theory, and serves often as the CSS economics sophomore tutor.
Her books include The Economics of Gender (2007), Labor Markets and Employment Relationships (with Professor Gil Skillman, 2004), and a forthcoming reader on Queer Economics, co-edited with Adam Zeller 00 (2007). She is the author of numerous book chapters and articles that have appeared in such publications as the Journal of Income Distribution, the European Economic Review, and the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. She is the editor of Eastern Economic Journal and the associate editor of Feminist Economics.
Richard Slotkin joined the Wesleyan faculty in 1966. He developed the American Studies Program and chaired it for 20 years, and also has been a major contributor to the development of film studies at the University. This is Slotkin’s second time receiving the award.
His latest book is Lost Battalions: The Great War and the Crisis of American Nationality (2005), the story of two World War I regiments: the African-American Harlem Hell Fighters and the Lost Battalion of the 77th Division, raised from the immigrant peoples of New Yorks tenements, who fought heroically for a country which refused to recognize them as equal citizens. He is best known for an award-winning trilogy of scholarly books on the myth of the frontier in American cultural history. Regeneration Through Violence: The Mythology of the American Frontier, 16001860 (1973) was a finalist for the 1974 National Book Award and received the 1973 Albert J. Beveridge Award of the American Historical Association. The second volume, The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier in the Age of Industrialization, 18001890 (1985) received the literary award of the Little Big Horn Associates, and has become a standard reference in the field of American studies. The final volume, Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-Century America (1992) was a finalist for the 1993 National Book Award. Slotkin also has written three historical novels: Abe: A Novel of the Young Lincoln (2000), which received the Michael Shaara Award for Civil War Fiction (2001) and the Salon.com Book Award (2000); The Return of Henry Starr (1988); and The Crater (1980).
In 1995 he received the Mary C. Turpie Award from the American Studies Association, for his contributions to teaching and program-building. He also received Wesleyans Binswanger Prize for Excellence in Teaching in 1997.
T. David Westmoreland received a B.S. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. from University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Before joining the Wesleyan faculty in 1989, he held postdoctoral appointments at Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley. His research interests are concentrated in the area of inorganic chemistry. He and his research group are particularly interested in the functions of metal ions in biological systems. His research publications have spanned a number of topics in this area, from the relationship between electronic structure and spectroscopic features of molybdenum-containing oxidoreductase enzymes, to new manganese and chromium-based contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In addition, his work includes exploring fundamental aspects of atom transfer reactions that are related to biological and industrial oxidation processes. His work has appeared in The Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Organometallics.
Professor Westmoreland teaches introductory general chemistry as well as advanced courses on inorganic chemistry and on chemical applications of symmetry concepts. He also has taught general education courses on pattern formation in nature and on scientific research ethics. He has been a research mentor to 24 Wesleyan undergraduates and six graduate students over the years.
|Photo by Bill Burkhart, university photographer.|
by Olivia Drake •
| Edward P. Jones, pictured at left, a winner of the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Critics Circle Award, will be the keynote speaker at the 51st annual Wesleyan Writers Conference, held on campus June 17-22.
The Writers Conference welcomes experienced writers, new writers and anyone interested in the writer’s craft. One of the leading writers conferences in the nation, it has launched many writers publishing careers, notes Anne Greene, director.
All of the programs are designed to offer you new perspectives on your work and the company of other writers who share your interests, Greene says.
This summers program include seminars, informal workshops, guest speakers, manuscript consultations and publishing advice, as well as quiet time for writing. Topics include the novel, short story, graphic novels, poetry, memoir, journalism, long-form nonfiction, writing about social issues, mixed-media work, and new forms of publishing.
The conference faculty includes some of the nations most distinguished writers and promising new voices: fiction writers Robert Stone, Roxana Robinson, Alexander Chee, Richard Bausch, Paul LaFarge, and Josip Novakovich; poets Honor Moore, Laura Cronk, and Sherwin Bitsui; journalists Lis Harris, Jonathan Schell, Gayle Pemberton, Jennifer Gonnerman, Katha Pollitt and George Packer; and several panels of editors and agents. Also musician and small-press founder Johnny Temple, Allison Lorentzen of the award-winning journal N+1, and Ravi Shankar, founder of the Internet poetry magazine, Drunken Boat.
Three readings are open to the community free of charge:
Author George Packer will speak at 3 p.m. June 20 in the Center for the Arts Cinema. Packer is the author of The Assasin’s Gate: America in Iraq and is a New Yorker staff writer.
Novelist Robert Stone, winner of the National Book Award, will read from his best-selling new book, Prime Green: A Memoir of the Sixties, at 4:30 p.m. June 20 in the Center for the Arts Old Cinema.
Edward P. Jones will read from his recent work and answer questions. He received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, the National Book Critics Circle Award, the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award, and the Lannan Literary Award for his novel, The Known World. He has also published two award-winning short story collections, most recently All Aunt Hagar’s Children. In 2004 he received a MacArthur Fellowship. Jones will speak at 8 p.m. June 21 in the Center for the Arts, Old Cinema.
|By Olivia Drake, The Wesleyan Connection editor. Photo by Bettina Strauss.|